There are over-the-counter medicines that don’t need a doctor’s prescription, these drugs are to help soothe pains and itchiness,  it can also cure diseases. Some common drugs which are now over the counter are to treat insomnia, this recurring problem like Insomnia in the United States the Food and Drug Administration has to make a thorough research before they decide to have it available over-the-counter, to make sure these drugs and supplements are safe enough to sell.

However, there might be a risk that would interact along with other food supplements, as it might complicate the existing condition of a certain patient, so if you are pregnant or you have diseases, it’s advisable to talk with a professional specialist before taking any drugs over the counter.

We should have proper knowledge of the medicines we are taking, it must be an accurate dosage needed by our body.

 

The most common OTC sleeping pills are:

 

Melatonin– It is a hormone secreted by the pineal gland, this hormone usually regulates more during the night. Melatonin supplements are made from a microorganism, it is a synthetic form to replace the natural process of Melatonin released by the brain.

 

How it works:

  •  Sleep disorder – it helps improve sleep disorder.
  • Insomnia – it has the ability to make you fall asleep by reducing the length of time needed by a person.
  • Sleep quality – it appears to help improve sleep quality by preventing sleep-disturbance.

 

Side effects: 

  • It appears that it is safe to take even up to 2 years, and the most common sides are Headache, dizziness, and stomach cramps.

 

Precaution:

  • Do not take melatonin when you are going to drive an extra mile.
  • Not advisable for Pregnant Women.
  • Cannot be used by Children and Infants
  • Not safe for those with bleeding disorders as it can only worsen the bleeding.
  • If you are prone to diabetes, monitor your blood sugar level when taking melatonin.
  • Do not take melatonin along with your other medications.

Dosage:

  • Take Once a day before bed.

Diphenhydramine – also known as Benadryl, this drug contains an antihistamine that leads to drowsiness aside from relieving allergy and hay fever.

 

How it works:

  • It works by blocking acetylcholine
  • Used to treat involuntary muscle movements.

Side effects:

  • Feeling drowsy
  • Constipation
  • Stomach Pain
  • Dizziness
  • Dry mouth, nose, and throat

 

Note: Contact your doctor once you have encountered serious side effects.

 

Dosage:

  • 25mg to 50mg for Adults,
  • 6yrs. Old – 12 years old – 12mg to 25mg
  • 6yrs. Old below – Consult your physician.

Precaution:

  • If you have an allergy to Diphenhydramine tell your healthcare provider.
  • Ask your doctor for advice on how to use this pill properly.

 

Doxylamine Succinate – Like Diphenhydramine, Doxylamine is used to treat those with allergies, hay fever, and the common cold.

 

How it works:

  • It signals the brain to produced drowsiness
  • It blocks certain natural compounds
  • Helps to relieve allergy/common colds

Warnings:

  • Not advisable for those who have hypersensitivity to Doxylamine

Side effects:

  • Feeling drowsy
  • Constipation
  • Stomach Pain
  • Dizziness

Dosage: 

  • Can be taken by mouth or without food (carefully follow the direction label)
  • For chewable – chew thoroughly before swallowing
  • For liquid form- used special measuring/spoon to get the accurate dosage

 

Having a good night’s sleep makes everyone happy but if you still have disturbed sleep or still not getting enough sleep after taking OTC, consult your doctor right away.